Breast Cancer in Brazil: Screening Program and Surgical Approach
Palavras-chave:Breast Cancer, Screening, Surgery
Breast cancer is the most common female cancer, and Screening mammography is a current strategy that reduces mortality among women. In Brazil, more recent data show an increasing number of mammograms but unequal geographic access to the exam nationwide. Breast surgery is essential to the current oncological treatment and management of breast cancer. Conservative breast techniques have been established as an effective treatment option; however, mastectomies are still widely used in Brazil. The increase in breast cancer screening programs nationwide should increase the number of breast-conserving surgeries over total mastectomies. However, these expectations may be compromised in developing countries such as Brazil, where there are relevant discrepancies in the public health system.